The Dynamic Sustainability Lab creates technical reports focused on the biobased, energy, and technology transitions that contribute to the overall net-zero carbon transition across the globe.

The largest crop in the United States is corn and over 30% of grown corn in the United States is used for ethanol. What risks are there for the American farmer and rural America resulting from the EV and energy transitions and what opportunities are there for American agriculture and regenerative/precision practices in supporting sustainable vehicle and aviation fuels, biobased consumer products, green chemistry and low carbon energy?

Image by Yulian Alexeyev

What will the EV transition and net zero carbon commitments made by both public and private organizations mean for our legacy energy system focused on the utilization of fossil fuels for transportation and electricity generation? 


In order to accomplish national and state net zero carbon emission commitments, there is a great demand for the development of new renewable energy generation.  This is likely going to be met by a unprecedented expansion of off-shore wind generation in the United States as well as significant investments in electricity transmission, distribution as well as energy storage.

Image by Zbynek Burival

Electric vehicles (EVs) are expected to rapidly increase from less than 1% of the global automotive fleet to over 30% by 2050 reaching over 670 million units. To achieve this transition will require lithium and cobalt production to grow by 500% if no innovative technologies are developed. We will need to build out our current network of just over 42,000 charging stations to over 500,000 by 2035 and we will need an evolution in higher density lithium batteries. This all requires extensive additions of renewable electricity likely in the form of off-shore wind as well as access to critical earth minerals dominated by the control of China.

Image by Waldemar Brandt

View all of the lab's reports.

Image by Ricardo Gomez Angel