Nelson Falkenburg was a graduate student researcher at the Dynamic Sustainability Lab and graduated from Syracuse University with an MPA in Environmental Policy in 2022. He now works at the Clean Air Task Force.
CRITICAL MINERALS AND THE ELECTRIC VEHICLE TRANSITION
The production of a typical lithium-ion battery requires five minerals dubbed "critical minerals" by the USGS - lithium, cobalt, manganese, nickel, and graphite. These critical minerals each face potentially significant supply chain bottlenecks and disruptions, such as: inadequate supply, dominance by select countries in production and refining, an oligopoly of producers, and more. Additionally, the extraction of critical minerals includes environmental and socio-political impacts that must be addressed for a sustainable and just EV transition.